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Sometimes cemeteries present interesting stories simply by the accidental placement of the deceased. 

One of the best is this one in Oak Hill Cemetery, Battle Creek Michigan. The mausoleum obviously dominates the space, but there’s that little white obelisk to the right and behind. Here lies C.W. Post and there lies Sojourner Truth.

The contrast is exquisite and almost explodes with potential for pious, virtuous applications. A dramatic picture of a greedy capitalist versus freed-slave abolitionist? The mausoleum taking center stage while the obelisk is pushed into shadow, almost hidden between two bushes? It seems such low hanging fruit for a nice little RJ blog. Well. . .maybe.

Some background is in order. Charles William Post, or CW, first came to Battle Creek as a patient in the world famous sanitarium. Later he competed with Dr. John Harvey Kellogg in the booming cereal business. The cereal competition was difficult, but CW persevered until his sharp business acumen brought great success for Post Cereals.

Most people are unaware that Post Toasties were originally called Elijah’s Manna. Religious leaders protested so Manna became Toasties now carrying CW’s name written large. The brand continues to this day and on occasion makes news. Sir Edmund Hillary packed Grape Nuts along when he climbed Mount Everest in 1953. Postum is still caffeine free and a favorite for Mormons and Adventists.

CW ended up here in Oak Hill Cemetery under nine feet of concrete, far below the imported marble mausoleum. The marble alone cost $100,000 which was real money back in the day. CW was not particularly religious which has led some to speculate that the nine feet of concrete was to prevent any possible resurrection. Being sacrilegious seems consistent with Elijah’s Manna, to say the least.

On the other hand, Sojourner Truth was emancipated from slavery, contemporary and colleague of Frederick Douglas, a vibrant nationally effective abolitionist and women’s rights advocate. She lived to be 105 years old and spoke with a Dutch brogue. She was born to Dutch slave owners (but I don’t know if they were Reformed or not). We do know that she moved to Battle Creek at about the same time as Ellen and James White. The Whites had founded the Seventh Day Adventists in Battle Creek a few years after the Christian Reformed Church separated from the Reformed Church of America. Sojourner was affiliated with Seventh Day Adventism for the remainder of her life. Incidentally, the Whites and the Kellogg brothers are also buried in Oak Hill Cemetery. Makes for an all around interesting neighborhood. 

While CW’s mausoleum is a blunt bellow of power and wealth, Sojourner’s tombstone brings the opposite. The last line, “IS GOD DEAD,” refers to an exchange with Frederick Douglas likely occurring at Faneuil Hall in Boston. Perhaps the original was “IS GOD GONE” depending on your source. Antebellum history can be notoriously tricky on such details. 

We do know that Douglas was becoming somewhat dispirited at the slow progress of the abolitionist movement and was starting to promote violence as a legitimate tactic for abolitionists to follow. In those three words, Sojourner brought a deep and intense debate home to Frederick Douglas. A timeless debate. Can the virtuous purity of God’s Kingdom be brought forward by means contrary to that very same Kingdom? Has God died and left us to our own devices? Her sojourner life taught her that the truth of unwavering faith is what will prevail. There she stands.

That’s a grand virtuous contrast, worthy of a tombstone story. Turns out however that CW didn’t really compete with John Harvey. They both made a ton of money but actually collaborated for the greater good of better health for the entire nation. CW was also very concerned about the well being of his workers, providing good wages and homes to live in. 

This concern for the well being of others was based in his own suffering with mental illness. That was the reason for his hospitalization in the sanitarium in the first place. He died by suicide after life long bouts of anxiety and depression. Following his death his wife donated the money for building Leila Hospital, giving it to the Sisters of Mercy to manage. That nine feet of concrete was more likely protecting valuables buried with him or a defense against grave robbers. Paranoia makes more sense than the resurrection legend.

On the other hand, notice Sojourner’s obelisk. She likely lived for 86 years, not 105. The idea of being the most elderly active speaker in the country seemed to help land new venues for her message. Even Sojourner’s brand needed some attention in order to thrive and prosper. Frederick Douglas remembers IS GOD DEAD as happening in Ohio, not Boston. He recalls it as a rude interruption from the back of the room rather than a dramatic exchange. It’s possible that Harriet Beecher Stowe of Uncle Tom’s Cabin fame promoted every possible variation of that story to advance her own agenda. Sojourner was immersed in her mission but was deeply immersed in politics too.

And that’s how my preconceived greedy capitalist versus freed-slave abolitionist fluff piece morphed into something else. Now I believe that if CW and Sojourner ran into each other, they would smile in recognition of fellow travelers. Radically different yet radically the same. They shared brokenness and shame, powerlessness and deep wounds while determined to use all of their creativity to heal those lesions in others. 

I think CW Post and Sojourner Truth would have recognized the wounds of today as variations of the same dynamics they faced. Except now we understand that health concerns include the entire planet. We can see that fear perpetuates brokenness and separation, We know that entrenched theology can preserve deep wounds and shame. 

It’s never really ever been all about mausoleum versus obelisk, or capitalist versus abolitionist, or politics versus healing. It’s not about evangelical nationalism versus love of Jesus either, or even confessional versus heretical. It’s not about inflexible carvings in stone but rather that we all are wounded sojourners. We too are radically different and radically the same, working creatively out of our own unique realities for every neighbor we encounter.

Al Schipper

Al Schipper is a retired chaplain and teacher. He is optimistic by nature and enthusiastic by choice. Retirement brought interim challenges, foreign ministry, Red Cross adventures, and authoring COPACETIC: God’s People Transforming Chaos. Now abiding in Grand Rapids, Michigan but always with an eye toward the horizon.


  • David Schelhaas says:

    Thank you for this really interesting bit of history and analysis.

  • David Hoekema says:

    Fascinating reflections on the ground now enclosing to he remains of several remarkable historical figures. So many battles, for wealth and for justice and for religious vision, waged in little Battle Creek. (But you’ve done one small injustice here: you’ve deprived Frederick Douglass of one of his final consonants.)

  • Fred Mueller says:

    This calls to mind the Quaker practice of equality in life and equality in death. Grave markers must be of the simplest sort and one is not “supeior” to any other.

  • James Vanden Bosch says:

    “Uninhibited by their Dutch Reformed faith, they farmed their lands with the help of enslaved blacks, like their English-speaking neighbors” (

    That “uninhibited by their Dutch Reformed faith” is a sobering participial phrase in any generation.

  • Janice Heerspink says:

    Having lived in “little Battle Creek” (David Hoekema’s description) for 13 years, I was particularly drawn to this story. There are many Sojourner Truth stories in Battle Creek. But the part of this post that really hit home is the last paragraph: “It’s not about evangelical nationalism versus love of Jesus, or even confessional versus heretical… But rather that we are all wounded sojourners.”

    • Reese VanderVeen says:

      Totally agree! Excellent & challenging application of remarkable but REAL historical humans. Loved reading this.

  • David E Stravers says:

    Thanks for this. I grew up in Battle Creek just a few blocks from the Sojourner Truth Monument. But back then (mid 60’s) we public school students heard almost nothing about her, to our loss and Battle Creek’s shame. Thanks for helping us to reclaim a bit of the history we all need to know.

  • Jeff Munroe says:

    Sojourner Truth’s Dutch slave owner in upstate New York was a member of the RCA. She was sold to another RCA member who gave her her freedom. Dutch was her first language.

  • Jack Ridl says:

    As a heretic trying to follow Jesus, thank you

  • Jim Haveman says:

    Al I heard you taking about doing this article for the past few months. Nice work in pulling all the truths and the complexity of the story into this essay. Add this one to Al’s traveling adventures series!

  • Susan says:

    Wonderful article. Great history. I now want to make a visit to this cemetery. Thank you

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