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반낙태 운동을 연구하는 사람으로서, 올해의이 시간은 항상 특별한 중요성을 가지고 있습니다.어제는 대법원이 로 대 웨이드 (Roe v. Wade) 에서 결정을 내린 지 48년이 지났습니다.올해 사람들은 워싱턴 D.C. 가 아니라 온라인으로 모일 것입니다.

로 대 웨이드 (Roe v Wade) 의 유산과 생식 권리에 대한 지속적인 논쟁에 대해 생각하는 것 외에도, 저는 최근 사건에서 반낙운동의 역할에 대해서도 생각해왔습니다.지난 주에, 나는 1 월 6 일 국회 의사당 사건에 대한 낙태 활동가들의 참여를 자세히 설명하는 기사를 보기 시작했습니다.하나는 반항에서 반란 운동가의 존재를 설명했다.또 다른 폭동에 참여 웨스트 버지니아 의원은 낙태 클리닉을 괴롭히는 자신의 시작을 가지고 있음을 지적했다.또 다른 하나는 무브먼트의 극단주의의 오랜 역사를 설명했다.분명히, 반유산 운동은 국회 의사당 폭동의 주요 동기가 아니었고 많은 프로가 그것을 비난했습니다.아직도 그것과 관련하여 만들기에 충분한 유사점과 크로스 오버가 있습니다.반낙태 극단주의의 역사는 제가 아주 잘 알고 있는 것입니다. 대학원생으로서 저는 테러에 대한 첫 연구 논문을 썼고, 이후 1980년대 후반 Operation Resure의 큰 시연에서 절정된 운동의 직접 행동 전술의 에스컬레이션을 연구했습니다.1990년대 초반반낙태 운동에는 문제가 있는 선건들이 있습니다. 즉, 1월 6일에 우리가 본 폭력을 예고한 수사학과 전술뿐만 아니라 확인되지 않은 방화 수사학의 낙진을 예고하는 수사학적인 전술입니다.무브먼트의 폭력, 협박 및 염증성 수사학의 역사를 감안할 때 일부 반낙태 활동가들이 열정적으로 국회 의사당에서 이벤트에 참여했다는 것은 놀라운 일이 아닙니다. 우리는 수십 년을 거슬러 올라갈 수 있습니다.1980 년대에는 낙태 운동이 좌절되었습니다.그들은 프로 라이프 챔피언인 로널드 레이건 (Ronald Reagan) 을 선출하는 데 도움을 주었지만 일부 입법상 승리에도 불구하고 낙태는 여전히 합법적이었습니다.로 대 웨이드는 반전되지 않았고 낙태를 금지하는 헌법 개정안을 추가하도록 제안된 모든 법안은 실패했다.운동 내에서 점점 더 우발적으로 성장하고 있는 것은 낙태에 더 단호하게 반대하기 위해 비폭력적인 직접적인 행동으로 돌아가고 있었고, 아마도 느린 변화의 속도로 좌절감을 느끼게 될 것입니다.

수사학 주변 낙태도 위로 올라갔습니다.프란시스 쉐퍼는 인류에 무슨 일이 있었는지?관객들에게 낙태가 사회에 미치는 영향에 대한 강렬한 이미지와 끔찍한 경고를 제시하고 행동의 긴급한 필요성을 확신했다.반낙태 활동가들은 이 수사학적으로 두배가 되어 홀로코스트에 낙태를 자주 비교했습니다.낙태와 홀로코스트를 비교한다면, 필요한 전술을 사용하여 낙태를 막기 위해 에스컬레이션된 행동을 정당화하는 것은 쉽습니다.이 말에서, 권리자는 가장 정당한 대업의 의로운 수호자였다.이 수사학은 태아 퇴직을 위한 소름끼치 없는 이미지와 잘못된 정보의 좋은 복용량을 더해 운동 중 많은 사람들에게 긴급함을 높여주었습니다.

이에 의해 부분적으로 동기 부여 수사학, 진료소에서 직접 행동은 곧 심지어 클리닉의 폭탄 테러와 의사와 직원의 암살에, 1980 년대와 1990 년대에 더 큰 폭력에 방법을 준.폭탄 테러와 살인 사건은 큰 소식이었습니다.사실 그들은 수년간의 작은 폭력 행위의 절정이었습니다. 방화, 기물 파손, 괴롭힘, 스토킹 등 몇 가지 이름을 지을 수 있었습니다.어느 여름 아카이브에서 저는 몇 주 동안 보고서를 읽고, 계획 Parenthoods 및 전국의 다른 여성 클리닉에 있는 의사와 직원에 대한 간증을 직접 읽었습니다.그들의 증언은 그들이 직면한 일상의 위험, 그들의 클리닉과 그들의 가정에서의 괴롭힘, 방화 및 기타 기물 파손 행위, 그리고 충격적인 통행성에 대해 이야기했다. 다시 말하지만, 그 운동과 유대를 가진 사람들이 6 일 국회 의사당에 존재하고 정당화 할 수있는 방법을 발견했다는 것은 놀라운 일이 아닙니다.그 날 행동.반낙태 운동과 그 지지자들은 오랫동안 염증성 수사학 및 잘못된 정보에 의존해 왔습니다.그리고 너무 자주 몇몇 활동가들은 폭력을 정당화하기 위해 수사학을 사용했습니다.그것은 번거로운 유산입니다. 직면하고 갈라져야 할 유산입니다.운동의 수사학과 전술이 어떻게 선을 넘어 폭력에 기여했는지 진정으로 조사하기보다는 논쟁하는 경향이 있었습니다.운동의 많은 사람들에게 끝은 항상 수단을 정당화합니다.

나는 오랫동안 낙태에 반대하는 사람들이이 정치적 입장을 일종의 감옥이없는 카드로 사용했다고 생각했습니다. 사람이이 문제에 대해 “올바른”입장을 가지고있는 한 다른 것은 정말로 중요하지 않습니다.운동의 지지자들은 그들의 동기의 순결함과 그들의 대의로움에 대해 주장하지만, 그들의 수사학이 무브먼트의 많은 부분에서 폭력과 극단주의의 유산으로 이어질 수 있는 방법을 간과한다.

Allison Vander Broek

Allison Vander Broek is a historian of American religion and politics. She recently graduated from Boston College with her doctorate in history. Her dissertation, Rallying the Right-to-Lifers: Grassroots Religion and Politics in the Building of a Broad-Based Right-to-Life Movement, 1960-1984, explored the origins of the right-to-life movement in the 1960s and its rise to national prominence.

14 Comments

  • RLG says:

    Wow, Allison. What an article and what an insight. This takes us right back to the Holy Wars of the past (recent and distant), often with Christians of different stripes facing off against each other but also including large populations of different religions fighting for dominance. Isn’t it good to be a Christian today? Maybe so, maybe not. Thanks Allison for shining a light into the dark corners of Christianity. “Onward, Christian soldiers!”

  • Gloria McCanna says:

    Thanks for this history lesson on the actions and beliefs surrounding the so called right to life movement. A good one to keep on file.

  • Nolan Palsma says:

    Alison
    The last paragraph sums it up for me. “I’ve long thought that people opposed to abortion have used this political position as a kind of get-out-of-jail-free card — nothing else really matters as long as a person has the “correct” stance on this one issue. The movement’s supporters argue for the purity of their motives and the righteousness of their cause, but overlook the ways their rhetoric can lead to violence and the legacy of extremism in many parts of the movement.”
    That one issue is an obsessive for some. It is mind boggling! I get the sense that some of those who are against abortion feel that it is only contraception. There is more to the story. Thanks for the article!

  • Tom says:

    Just one thing I would appreciate knowing from Allison: are you pro-life or pro-choice? You might say it doesn’t matter, but to my mind that fundamentally affects the lens through which I read this piece and others you’ve posted.

    Then, a couple of comments – I could go on a very long time, but won’t:
    + 65,000,000 human lives snuffed out seems like a apt comparison to the Holocaust. Based on the simply arithmetic, you might say it’s 10 times worse.
    + Abraham Lincoln and John Brown were both right about slavery even if John Brown’s approach to resolving the issue was both wrong (probably) and ineffective from a practical political perspective.
    + you paint with a very broad brush here; be careful. Unless you are ready to apply the same thinking to this summer’s racial justice uprisings and the associated rioting.

  • Pamela E. Adams says:

    Allison, I agree with you and I am a strong anti-abortionist person. I have one adopted child and half of my grandchildren are my grandchildren through adoption. One of my biological sons has adopted four children in addition to his five biological children. That makes eight of sixteen grandchildren. I agree that abortion is wrong but so are so many other things in this world. We are doing many sinful things but to just focus on one and to exclude other actions is WRONG from a Biblical view point. Let us fight against abortion but also fight against the other sins that are predominant in our culture.

  • Ronald Dykstra says:

    Allison,
    Your title speaks volumes. “The Legacy of Antiabortion Extremism”. Broad brush is an incredible understatement. How about checking the bio’s of those arrested for involvement with the pro-life movement before labeling the entire event as pro-life extremism? And amen to Tom’s comment on the comparison of the Holocaust with our horrific abortion numbers. My heart aches for the thousands of patriotic people mis-labeled and mid-judged by this article.

  • Mary Jo Liesch says:

    Thank you! I am so grateful to all the writers in this blog.

  • Ken says:

    Allison, your title is apt despite the naysayers. You were faithful in looking at the extremism of a position.
    Further, I find it sad that those who are outraged by the 3,000/day deaths by abortion too often cannot muster any outrage about the complete failure of our nation to deal with the coronavirus, which at the moment is taking 4,000 lives per day. Ditto the outrage regarding issues like gun control, capital punishment, war, and so on.
    And, finally, I’d be curious what the gender breakdown is regarding extremists opposing abortion. Are they predominately male, as were the capitol extremists?
    Oh, and if it matters, I’m pro-choice/pro-life. I strive to live my life in such a way that people will choose for life, in any and all circumstances.
    Thanks for your column.

  • Steven Skahn says:

    I share your revulsion at those who use the anti-abortion issue to justify violence. But I think that a weakness in your discussion is that it fails to identify the real problem. Having strong feelings about abortion is not the problem. Nor is thinking that the issue can be in some ways can be compared to the Holocaust. I think Francis Schaeffer did a wonderful thing in awaking the evangelical community to the importance of this issue. The problem is not that developing strong feelings about abortion is getting on some slippery slope that leads to violence. The problem is arises when we fail to–using a sermon title of Schaffer’s–do “The Lord’s Work in the Lord’s Way.” Those who use justify violence in opposing abortion have stopped following Jesus.

  • Gary VanHouten says:

    Thank you, Allison.
    “The antiabortion movement and its supporters have long relied on inflammatory rhetoric and misinformation.”
    Boy, you got that right!

  • Dean Koopman says:

    This article firmly establishes the paradoxical minimization of humanity that has engulfed all sides of the abortion argument.
    One side (pro-abortion) invalidates the humanity of children up to and now beyond childbirth while the other (pro-life) rejects the humanity of those who would do and support such acts. All the while our government diminishes our liberties in the name of domestic tranquility while enraging all of us through a teeter-totter of conflicting Executive memorandums a the political parties rise and fall in approval.
    One final corollary to the paradox.
    How has no contributor to this blog not questioned the reduction of Francis Schaeffer’s scholarship and preaching to mere “rhetoric”?
    Apparently for humanity to be devalued, everything else must have been devalued first.

    • Tom says:

      Agree with you wholeheartedly Dean! I did not mention in my comment above because then the ‘comment’ becomes an entire essay, but three other things occurred to me while reading this.
      First, the rule that when the tool you have is a hammer, everything looks like a nail – translated to this essay, I guess if you’ve invested much of your life into investigating the wrongdoings of the pro-life movement, then you see those wrongdoing expressing themselves everywhere no matter how far the stretch – this case is a major stretch; just guessing that the “articles that detailed antiabortion activists’ involvement” appeared in left-leaning, pro-abortion publications (unless someone can prove me wrong).
      Second, she acknowledges the frustration of the pro-life movement in accomplishing change in the 1980’s, but does not acknowledge that it was the Supreme Court that took the issue out of the political process in a poorly reasoned decision; thus the powerlessness that results in an extremist response.
      Third, abortion and the value of life IS the fundamental moral issue of our time, just as slavery was in the 1800’s. I have long felt that one of 30 to 40 years from now, we will find ourselves in one of two situations: either we will value human life and abortion will have been, perhaps not abolished, but much diminished; or, it will have become normal to kill off the old and sick, euphemistically telling ourselves that it is for their own good when the reality is there’s just too much trouble and cost in caring for them. We will not be somewhere between those extremes, and if you think this cannot happen, then pay some attention to what is already happening in Canada and in parts of the United States.

  • Ann Conklin says:

    Thank you for your research and insight, Allison.
    To those using the term “pro-abortion” in the comments, I would ask you to reconsider your word choice. Words matter. I am aware of no one who is pro-abortion. Many faithful people are, however, pro-choice AND anti-abortion. The two are not mutually exclusive.

  • Michael says:

    Can someone point me to thoughtful, fact-filled, resources on the faith community’s conversation on abortion? Because typically, either side is so bent on scoring points, there’s mainly a lot of heat and little light shone on this fraught subject. Do we agree on the statistics in these days of alternative facts? Are there places where one can find accurate abortion numbers; when in the pregnancy they are done (by percentages); do anti-abortion laws enacted help curtail abortions or do they simply drive them underground (and make more dangerous); where is the conversation on when “life” begins (from the moment of conception or ??? and who holds to these different views and why); do abortions go down more in Democrat or Republican administrations; and so on. Is there a relatively straight-forward, non-biased place a discerning Christian can get this kind of information? Please?

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