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Matthew 2:13-23

Silly things are said about the meaning of Christmas. I recall someone on NBC news saying, “Christmas is all about children’s bright, shining faces.” But of course, people did not compose glorious music, build magnificent cathedrals, suffer a martyr’s death, find hope in the face of dying, and lie prostrate in adoration because of children’s bright, shining faces.

Matthew’s gospel makes short work of the sentimental Christmas. In chapter one, Mary’s pregnancy is thought disgraceful. Joseph, a righteous man, plans to dismiss her quietly, not make her a public spectacle. Then in chapter two, it’s not angels but astrologers from the East who come to Jerusalem, not with good news, but with a disturbing question, “Where is the child who was born king of the Jews?” King Herod hears this, and he is frightened and all Jerusalem with him, frightened, not jubilant.

The wise men’s question was political dynamite. The birth of the child spelled trouble, a potential rival. Herod so feared the child that when the wise men did not return to tell him the child’s whereabouts, he orders his soldiers to kill all the children in and around Bethlehem who were two years old or under. And in that little town a great weeping was heard, but Joseph, Mary and the child fled, crossing the border into Egypt, refugees. There is nothing sentimental here.

To understand the real meaning of Christmas, we need to understand the fear and fury of Herod.

Matthew introduces Jesus, the Messiah, as the son of David, who would sit on David’s throne and be King forever. It’s an aspect of the good news that we often overlook. We’re more inclined to link Jesus with Adam rather than David. “For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive” (1 Corinthians 15:22). It’s central to our faith, but not at the expense of minimizing, or missing completely, the link to David. Our new new life in Christ is Kingdom life.

That Kingdom is not an inner sanctuary, a private concern, but an alternative people, an alternative world, an alternative politics. Herod did not murder the little ones because he feared that the child in Bethlehem would grow up to take away people’s sins, but because the child was born a King, and if a King, then a kingdom. Herod’s fury marks a clash of kingdoms. It’s the opening battle of the Great War, and the dead are martyrs, witnesses to that great conflict

Jesus begins his ministry calling for repentance because the Kingdom of heaven is at hand. He himself embodies this Kingdom and is the door into it. In the fifth, sixth, and seventh chapters of Matthew, Jesus sets forth the Kingdom’s Manifesto. We call it the Sermon on the Mount, but it’s so much more. It describes a people whose loyalty is to the kingdom of heaven; they serve as its agents, are defined by it. This manifesto challenges the fundamental assumptions of Herod’s world, a world that lacks any sense that the poor and weak have the slightest intrinsic value, where power and brutality work hand in hand. Herod murders the little ones.

Jesus, on the other hand, tells the little children to come to him, not to stop them; for it is for such as these that the kingdom of heaven belongs. He lays his hands on them to bless them. He offers himself as the bread of life. It is a kingdom of radically different values. No one calls another a fool, or a cockroach, or scum, or a maggot. This kingdom’s citizens do not seek revenge, but recognize in all the sign of their maker. Though living in the same world, they see everything differently. As Nick Wolterstorff writes:

It’s time to challenge the understanding of religion as primarily add-on beliefs about the transcendent. They are not theistic add-ons, but interpretations of experience and immanent reality. One cannot just peel off a person’s religious beliefs from the totality of his beliefs and be left with beliefs that he shares with the secularist. Secularism is itself a distinct, anti-religious interpretation of experience and reality. The religious person interprets things differently from how a secularist interprets those same things. Religion in the University

At the very end of Matthew’s gospel, Jesus tells his followers “…make disciples, baptizing them…and teaching them to obey everything that I have commanded you.” The last phrase may strike us as off tune, missing the note of grace so central to the good news. It sounds legalistic. But it’s not legalism; nor is it a means to convict us of our sins or guide us in grateful living. It’s kingdom citizenship, being transformed into living witnesses of the Kingdom of Heaven. Anything less is a sentimental Christmas.

Jack Roeda

Jack Roeda is a retired minister in the Christian Reformed Church. He served as pastor of Church of the Servant in Grand Rapids, Michigan for the last 33 years of his ministry.


  • Rowland Van Es says:

    I liked the takeaway line, “It’s kingdom citizenship, being transformed into living witnesses of the Kingdom of Heaven…” It’s also interesting how the first family was not spared suffering but had to endure life first as refugees in Egypt. Kingdom citizens witness through suffering and help others they meet along the way. The epistle lesson from Heb 2:10-18 says Jesus was made perfect/complete through suffering (v.10) and that because he himself suffered, so he is able to help those who are suffering/tempted today (v. 18). May we witness to Christ and God’s kingdom by suffering and helping others who are suffering today, whether as refugees or as hungry & homeless, the abused and/or the marginalized in our own societies, etc.

  • Matt Huisman says:

    “To understand the real meaning of Christmas, we need to understand the fear and fury of Herod.“

    And his modern day heirs. Wonderful post.

  • RLG says:

    Thanks, Jack, for giving us the classical Christian perspective on the so-called birth of Jesus. I’ve noticed that news commentators don’t comment on this event as actual history. They say, “Christians claim the birth of Jesus happened in this way…” There is no objective historical record of any such birth of Jesus. None of the disciples witnessed such a birth. It is more a matter of a story handed down and then repeated. The account of Herod killing children under two years of age in the vicinity of Bethlehem has no historical documentation from any other sources, even from Josesphus, the Jewish historian of that time. It’s a mythical or legendary story, including the account of magi, the shepherds on the hillside, the host of singing angels, and especially the account of God becoming a man. There is nothing to verify the actuality of such a miraculous account. At least this is the way many, if not most non-Christians, view the story of God’s incarnation.

    As to the Biblical accounts of Jesus sitting on David’s throne and initiating God’s kingdom, this is also doubtful to many. Again, where’s the evidence? Jesus is said to have been raised from the dead and then ascending into heaven where he reigns over earth and the church. But there is no evidence of a heavenly reign. Life has continued on the same trajectory as it always has. But it makes a good story, like many of the other stories of the Bible, such as the creation account.

    I appreciate, Jack, that you have explained a Christian perspective. And, of course, there are many, who claim the Christian faith, who see many of the Bible stories as mythical or legend, stories with a spiritual lesson. Thanks for sharing your insight. Have a merry Christmas.

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