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Somebody asked me a good question recently.  “When you listen to sermons or read sermons, if you see things that need improving, what is usually the top concern that needs to be addressed?”  In some ways this is not an easy question to answer.   As my colleague John Rottman once noted, sermons can go wrong in so many different ways.  It’s downright interesting, in fact, how many things can go wrong, which is testament to the fact that the art of preaching is difficult. 

I well remember the high school senior who made profession of faith at the congregation in which I was the main preaching pastor at the time.  An elder asked him what led him to make his profession and he mentioned a high school religion class assignment to write a sermon.  He said doing that really helped him think more about his faith.  But then, looking straight at me, he observed, “Turns out it’s really hard to write a sermon.  I thought you got up on Sunday mornings and just talked!”

Would t’were it were that easy!  There is an art and a craft to making a sermon, and were it not for the guidance of the Holy Spirit, none of us who aspire to preach would succeed.  (Not to mention the fact that the Spirit has a way of winging sermons into people’s hearts in ways the preacher could never have imagined.)

But back to the question: if I could identify a common problem with sermons I read, what might it be?  The answer is that lots of sermons are quite simply over-stuffed with information, with too many competing ideas and images.  The preacher simply tries to do too much.  Maybe it’s trying to include every last jot and tittle of the Bible passage on which the sermon is based.  Maybe it’s taking too many rabbit trails.  But as the authors of the very good book Made to Stick once noted: in a speech (or I would add in a sermon) if you say three things, you have said nothing.  Try to say just one thing.

Those of us familiar with the comedy movie City Slickers may remember Curly, the grizzled and mysterious cowboy played by actor Jack Palance.   In a conversation about life with the city slicker played by Billy Crystal who met Curly while on a two-week excursion on a dude ranch, Curly held up his gloved hand to say that the secret to life was just “one thing.”  We never actually find out what Curly’s “one thing” is but it definitely pointed in the direction of simplicity as opposed to all the ways we complicate our lives.

The same goes for sermons: the secret to a good sermon is just one thing.  One main idea with an accompanying singular image.  The one thing needs to emerge from the Bible passage on which the sermon is based, of course.  And while it is true that most preaching passages from Scripture contain within them multiple “things” and ideas and angles—which is a blessed thing when you are preaching on Luke 2 at Christmas for the 13th time in your ministry—for any one sermon just go with one idea and leave the others for the next time you preach on that same passage.

Trying to stuff in too much just confuses listeners.  And anyway, if you preach on the whole kingdom of God in one sermon, what’s left to say the next week?  Because the fastest lesson a new preacher learns once she gets into regular parish ministry is that the moment you finish a sermon, you are only six days and twenty-three hours away from needing to preach another new message. 

As usual, Jesus is our best exemplar for this.  Pick any parable you want that Jesus told and you discover that it’s mostly about just one thing.  Jesus had a lot to say about the kingdom of God but he generally spread things out such that one parable is about how important forgiveness is in the kingdom and then another parable is about how quiet the kingdom grows and yet another parable is about the need to pray constantly and not give up.

This is probably also why Jesus never explained his own parables.  It was not too difficult to pick up on his main point. 

Years ago I watched a video of a sermon of a pastor whose church had asked me to evaluate his sermons as part of a continuing education course he was taking.  It was an Easter sermon and by the time the 28-minute sermon was finished, I had made a list of 23 discrete themes, ideas, or doctrines that had gotten jammed into the message.  Not only was the sermon impossible to follow, unsurprisingly the joy of the Good News of Easter somehow never quite came through either.

Twenty-three topics is extreme but it’s not a whole lot better if it’s even just five or six.  Or three.  In preaching as in the parables of Jesus, less is more.  But this is a good thing because the truths of Scripture are so rich and so deep that preaching just one of them on a Sunday morning is a wonderful thing.  As the Puritans used to say, enough is as good as a feast.  And because of the mysterious work of the Holy Spirit I mentioned earlier, even a sermon with one central idea and image will end up meaning many things to many different people.  Preachers are usually the last people to know what all the Spirit can do with any given sermon.  That’s why preachers often get thanked for things they never said.

But the Spirit said it and that’s enough.  It’s also why “just one thing” is a homiletical feast on any given Sunday.

Scott Hoezee

Scott Hoezee is Director of the Center for Excellence in Preaching at Calvin Theological Seminary.


  • Doug says:

    Amen to all, or just about all, of this! My favorite line: “…the moment you finish a sermon, you are only six days and twenty-three hours away from needing to preach another new message.” Reminded me of my mentor’s comment early on that “Sunday rolls around with the disturbing regularity.” Thanks!

    • James C Dekker says:

      Not a few of the pastor readers here will recall with agony, sometimed gratitude and sober astonishment that Sunday came twice a week, morning and evening.

  • Jill Fenske says:

    And even if you only presch one thing, some passages are not as generous as others. After 32 years with the same congregation the Transfiguration and the Ascension are usually a struggle. How many different ways can one say “It’s a mystery”? Most weeks I am energized by the Word, others…. and yet I still feel the privilege of holding and sharing God’s story, our story.

  • Nancy Boote says:

    Thanks for this good reminder! I just preached for the first time in over a year. I thought I had “one thing” but I think I added in a lot of others. I appreciated the preaching lesson today! Thanks, Scott!

  • Daniel Meeter says:

    David H C Reid once remarked that sermons come at preachers like telegraph poles through a train window. Your post reminds me of the training that troubled my dad his whole preaching life, the “Volbeda outline” that he learned at Calvin Seminary, which forced every passage into three points, related, yes, but discrete. “Hit the text with a golden hammer and it falls into three parts.” Might I suggest that the power in your approach can lead to sermons that are like Ravel’s Bolero, or, at best, a Theme and Variations like the last movement of Beethoven’s Eroica, but that is also the danger. I think it’s quite possible to say two or three things, provided they are synthetical, as in Sonata Allegro form: theme A, followed by theme B (related, but in tension), development, then Resolution with theme C, which can be a new theme or a restatement and clarification of Theme A. This approach at least draws from the essentially dialectical character of Biblical thought. In other words, the sermon carries a conversation within itself.

  • J C S says:

    Interesting. I remember a pastor our church had years ago saying, ” there are sermons that I put together and thought they were one of my best. So many good thoughts & points. After the worship service hardly any one made a comment. Then there were those sermons where the previous week was so busy that I didn’t feel like I had included enough facts & thoughts. Sometimes after one of those sermons a number of people thanked me for touching their emotions and thoughts”. ” That taught me that it’s not me or my thoughts, but the Holy Spirit at work”

  • Joan R Bouwma says:

    Amen. When I reflect on a lifetime of past sermons that have not stuck with me, it is precisely for the reason that there are too many points stuffed into 30 minutes. When the listener thinks the pastor has made the point and is about ready to wrap it up, the pastor takes it in another direction. A sure way to kill the message.

  • Jon Pott says:

    Thanks, Scott. I’m reminded of the succinct wisdom in a story a mutual preacher friend of ours likes to tell about Winston Churchill—that he reportedly once turned back a dessert pudding with the critique that it had no theme!

  • Joel Slenk says:

    Our choir director said “Remember.. music is always going somewhere” I think the same can be said of sermons.
    Sure you can pull us in with an introductory anecdote… but once you have pulled us in… please take us somewhere … quickly – hopefully to a deeper place that fosters contemplation long after the service has concluded.

  • June says:

    You must have taught our son. This is what he does! Every time! Thanks be to God.

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