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In honor of the Fourth of July, I thought it appropriate to delve into the question of Christian nationalism and its role in America. There are a bunch of great books out on the topic this year. I recently finished Katherine Stewart’s The Power Worshippers, have Andrew Whitehead and Samuel Perry’s Taking America Back for God sitting on my shelf, and plan on picking up Kristin Kobes Du Mez’s new book, Jesus and John Wayne, from my local bookstore this weekend.

It’s a timely topic, given current events as well as its significance in shaping my faith as an adult. Christian nationalism was one of the first things that made me question American Christianity as a teenager. Christianity and fervent nationalism seemed to be incompatible to me, and too often the nationalism part undermined any serious commitment to the gospel.

I’d also like to credit my interest in history, which made me realize that the story of Christian nationalism didn’t quite add up. The argument that America was founded as a Christian nation, chosen by God and meant to serve as a city on a hill for the rest of the world did not match up with what I saw in history and current events.

Clearly Christian nationalism’s influence hasn’t waned since I was a teenager. It’s an ongoing issue in America as evidenced by the ongoing support for Trump among many Christian nationalists.

I saw some of my own experience and perspective mirrored in Katherine Stewart’s latest book The Power Worshippers: Inside the Dangerous Rise of Religious Nationalism. The book offers a powerful indictment of Christian nationalism in the United States. It is also a dire warning that we should take the threat of Christian nationalism seriously. According to Stewart, the fight against Christian nationalism is not a matter of competing views or differing opinions, but a fight to preserve democracy and protect our rights and freedoms. Christian nationalists want to undermine our democratic institutions, enshrine Christian privilege in law, and impose a very narrow interpretation of Christianity on the rest of us.

In line with this argument, Stewart frames Christian nationalism as a political ideology and movement, rather than a social or cultural movement. “It does not seek to add another voice to America’s pluralistic democracy but to replace our foundational democratic principles and institutions with a state grounded on a particular version of Christianity,” she writes. And she doubles down on this argument throughout the book, describing the threat of Christian nationalism as “a political war over the future of democracy.” Though it may seem alarmist to some, I like this way of framing it because it indicates that the stakes here are incredibly high. We all have something at stake in this fight.

From the DeVos family to David Barton, Stewart explores the various ways Christian nationalism has gained a foothold in America. There are few areas where they haven’t tried to exert their influence, from our legal system and legislatures to our homes and schools. She rightly points out that it is a radical movement — using stories of a past that never existed to try to bring about a future where Christian nationalists have total control. And the movement has few qualms about how to accomplish this goal.

I appreciated Jeff Munroe’s reflections on Christian nationalism here on The Twelve, a few weeks ago, and on the oddities of our own American variety. After reading Stewart’s book, I would go even one step further and argue that not only can we do better than “God Bless America,” but that we must.

Christian nationalists would like to flatten the story of America and erase and undermine the contributions of Americans of differing faiths and politics. But the evidence refuting their vision of America is wide-ranging and multifaceted, whether you look at the beliefs and practices of our founding fathers, explore the variety of religious beliefs among rank and file church-goers, or examine the diverse religious expressions that have flourished in America.

Christian nationalism presents a clear and present danger to our democracy and to our rights. And it is the duty of every Christian to renew our commitment to democracy and pluralism, to oppose Christian nationalism’s spread, and to protect Americans targeted and threatened by it.

Allison Vander Broek

Allison Vander Broek is a historian of American religion and politics. She earned her doctorate in history from Boston College, Her research explored the origins of the right-to-life movement in the 1960s and its rise to national prominence in subsequent years. Though she swore she'd move back to the Midwest after grad school, Allison still resides in the Boston metro area and now works in academic advising at Tufts University.


  • mstair says:

    “…appropriate to delve into the question of Christian nationalism and its role in America.”

    So affirmed that you took this on today…

    I have always leaned in the direction that its proponents were not so much attracted to the “city on a hill” God-directive as they were to to its economic system of corporate capitalism – enabling them to collect as much wealth as possible without self-reproach…

  • Rowland Van Es, Jr. says:

    You stopped just when I thought you were getting going. Tell us how to oppose it and prevent its spread and preserve our plural Democracy…

    • Jon Lunderberg says:

      Allison, excellent article. Rowland, great comment. For me the answer to your comment or better yet, Allison’s next essay, is one conversation and one relationship at a time.

  • Kenneth Baker says:

    Thank you, Allison, for sharing these important and provocative observations regarding our current reality. Could not agree more that Christian Nationalism represents a clear and present danger.

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